- ing form or infinitive Grammar Part I презентация, доклад

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-ing form or infinitive

Grammar

Part I


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Contents

Verb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing form
Verb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitive

Watch out! (1)
Watch out! (2)

Ex. I, Ex. II

Verb + bare infinitive
Watch out! (3)

Ex. III

Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaning
11. Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form witha change in meaning
12. Ex. IV


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Verb/noun/adjective phrase + -ing form

Some verb, noun and adjective phrases are usually followed by
the –ing form. These include:


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Some of the verbs, nouns and adjectives in the list above can also be followed by an object before the –ing form.

Ex. I can’t stand people cheating in exams.

When we put a verb after a preposition, we almost always use an – ing form.

Ex. I’m interested in hearing more about that course.

Watch out!


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Verb/noun/adjective phrase + full infinitive

Some verb, noun and adjective phrases are usually
followed by the full infinitive. These include:


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Some of the verbs, nouns and adjectives in the list above can also be followed by an object before the full infinitive.

Ex. I didn’t want to take the exam.

My mum didn’t want me to take the exam.

Watch out!


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Ex.I Circle the correct word or phrase.

I really don’t feel like going / to go out tonight. Do you?
Everyone expected his business failing /to fail within the first few month.
What would you like doing /to do this evening?
We discussed turning /to turn the attic into a spare bedroom with the architect.
She wasn’t able speaking /to speak very clearly after her accident.
Do you mind moving /to move your car, please? You’re blocking the road.
They’re going to postpone making / to make a decision until next month.
Are you planning of getting / to get a new DVD player?
Are you thinking of getting / to get a Play Station?
I’m very pleased telling / to tell you that you’ve passed!
Sarah’s offered putting / to put us up for this weekend!
I’m really looking forward to going / to go on the cruise.


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Ex. II Complete using the correct form (-ing form or full infinitive) of the verb in brackets. You may need to use the passive voice.

I’ll never forgive June for (lie) to me like that.
Ivan’s not very good at (make) friends.
I can’t resist (buy) things when they’re in the sales.
We’ve got to encourage students (study), not blame them for not studying.
I don’t know how you managed (persuade) the bank manager to lend you so much money!
Does Jessica dislike (walk) so much that she’s not going to come with us?
Do you deny (steal) the money? Yes or no?
The kids were pretending (be) asleep, but they didn’t fool me for a second.
I refuse ( accept) that there’s no alternative.
No one understands how Jill can afford (go) on so many holidays.
He only just escaped (send) to prison.
He expected (give) a brand new computer for Christmas, but all he got was a second-hand watch!

lying

making

buying

to study

to persuade

walking

stealing

to be

to accept

to go

being sent

to be given


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Verb + bare infinitive

Some verbs can be followed by an object + the bare infinitive
These include:


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The verbs feel, hear, notice, see and watch can also be followed by the –ing form.

We often use the bare infinitive for a completed action (from start to finish).
We often use the –ing form for an action in progress at the time.
Ex. I heard Miss Jenkins tell Julie not to do that. (= I heard all of it.)
I heard Miss Jenkins telling Julie not to do that. (= I heard part of it.)

In the passive, hear, make and see are followed by the full infinitive.

Ex. Active: The teacher made me stand in the corner.
Passive: I was made to stand in the corner (by the teacher).

Watch out!


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Ex. III Complete using the correct form (-ing form, bare infinitive or full infinitive) of the verb in the box. Use each verb only once.

achieve; be; behave; come; do; hope; improve; learn; listen; make; play; sit down; take; tell; try; use; work

Report: William Watson

William Watson sometimes seems to be afraid of hard. He can’t help
to avoid anything that involves his brain, particulary on Friday afternoons. He seems to detest life seriously, and pretends he isn’t capable of anything of worth. This is unfortunate as, with a little more effort, William could succeed in
great progress.
However, at present he frequently just wants the fool. He enjoys jokes. Presumably, he imagines this the best way to make friends, but in fact he often just ends up preventing the other students from . He has promised on several occasions his behaviour in class, but then he just keeps on in exactly the same way. Recently, I have had to beg him and be quiet in the classroom, but it’s difficult to know how to make him to his senses. He just doesn’t seem interested in to my opinion. I’m tempted to give up even that he might improve. Having said that though, Mr Watson is an extremely good maths teacher!

Julie Cross-5A

working

trying

doing

taking

using

achieving

making

to play

telling

to be

learning

to improve

behaving

to sit down

come

listening

hoping


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Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a little or no change in meaning

Some verbs can be followed by the full infinitive or
the –ing form with a little or no change in meaning.
We continued to do experiments in the lab all afternoon.
We continued doing experiments in the lab all afternoon.
These include:


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Verb + full infinitive or –ing-form with a change in meaning

Some verbs can be followed by the full infinitive or
the –ing form. The choice depends on the meaning.
I remember teachers at my school hitting children when they were naughty!
Did you remember to do your homework?.
These include:


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Forget
Forget + to do – забыть сделать (что-то не сделано).
I forgot to make a shopping list. – Я забыла составить список покупок.

Forget + doing – забыть о чем-то (что-то сделано, но нет воспоминаний).
I forgot taking pictures of this monument. – Я забыл, как фотографировал этот памятник. = Я не помню, что сфотографировал этот памятник.

Go on
Go on + to do – продолжить, начав новое действие.
The lecturer closed the door and went on to explain the material. – Лектор закрыл дверь и продолжил объяснять материал.

Go on + doing – продолжить начатое действие.
She asked them to be quiet, but they went on chatting anyway. – Она попросила их вести себя тихо, но они все равно продолжали болтать.


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Mean
Mean + to do – намереваться, собираться.
I think they meant to interrupt our conversation. – Я думаю, они собирались прервать наш разговор. (сделали это намеренно)

Mean + doing – значить.
I’m applying for a job. It means filling in this application form. – Я подаю документы на работу. Это означает заполнить этот бланк заявления.


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Require + to do – требовать сделать что-то.
The agreement requires all parties to find the common ground in this question. – Соглашение требует, чтобы все стороны нашли общий язык в этом вопросе.

Require + doing – обязательно к выполнению, необходимо сделать.
Her book is now required reading on most literature courses. – Ее книга является обязательной к прочтению на большинстве литературных курсов.

Regret
Regret + to do – сожалеть о чем-то (что происходит или еще не сделано).
We regret to inform you that he was fired. – Нам жаль сообщать Вам, что его уволили.

Regret + doing – сожалеть о чем-то (содеянном в прошлом).
I regret telling her their secret. – Я сожалею, что рассказал ей об их секрете.



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Remember
Remember + to do – помнить, не забыть сделать (что-то не сделано еще).
Remember to turn off the lights when you leave. – Не забудь выключить свет, когда уйдешь.

Remember + doing – помнить о чем-то, не забыть (что уже было сделано).
We will always remember visiting Krakow. – Мы всегда будем помнить, как были в Кракове. = Мы никогда не забудем, как были в Кракове.

Stop
Stop + to do – остановиться, чтобы что-то сделать.
She stopped to make a call. – Она остановилась, чтобы позвонить.

Stop + doing – прекращать что-то делать.
He stopped playing baseball a year ago when he broke his arm. – Он перестал играть в бейсбол год назад, когда сломал руку.


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Try
Try + to do – пытаться, стараться, прилагать усилие.
I’ve tried to meet Sally, but she was in the meeting room. – Я попытался встретиться с Салли, но она была в комнате для переговоров.

Try + doing – пробовать, экспериментировать.
If you can’t lose weight, try doing some sports twice a week. – Если Вы не можете похудеть, попробуйте заниматься спортом 2 раза в неделю.


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Ex. IV Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap.

I should have taken my medicine this morning, but I didn’t remember.
I my medicine this morning.
I’ll always remember the time when I went up Mont Blanc.
I’ll Mont Blanc.
I must hang up the washing later.
I up the washing later.
Darren thinks that wearing a suit to work is appropriate.
Darren a suit to work.
Jackie wishes she hadn’t said that to Allie.
Jackie that to Allie.
I’m sorry, but your credit card has been cancelled by the bank.
I your credit card has been cancelled by the bank.

forgot

forgot to take

never forget going up

never

remember

regrets saying/ having said

likes

likes to wear

regrets

must remember to hang

regret to tell/inform you

regret


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В презентации использованы:

Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ по
английскому языку: Грамматика и лексика
Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia.
Grammar and Vocabulary.
Авторы: Malcolm Mann
Steve Taylore-Knowles
Консультант: Елена Клековкина
Издательство Macmillan, Oxford

www.macmillan.ru


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