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Презентация на тему NON-PRODUCTIVE TYPES OF WORD-BUILDING

Sound-interchange is the way of word-building when some sounds are changed to form a new word. It is non-productive in Modern English; it was productive in Old English and can be

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
NON-PRODUCTIVE TYPES  OF WORD-BUILDING
Текст слайда:

NON-PRODUCTIVE TYPES OF WORD-BUILDING


Слайд 2
Sound-interchange is the way of word-building when some sounds are changed to form a new word. It
Текст слайда:

Sound-interchange is the way of word-building when some sounds are changed to form a new word. It is non-productive in Modern English; it was productive in Old English and can be met in other Indo-European languages.


Слайд 3
The change may affect:the root vowel	to feed – food, to strike – stroke, to sing – songthe
Текст слайда:

The change may affect:
the root vowel
to feed – food, to strike – stroke, to sing – song
the root consonant
to speak – speech
Both life – to live

It may also be combined with affixation:
strong (a) – strength (n)
with affixation and shift of stress:
'democrat – de'mocracy


Слайд 4
Sound imitation or onomatopoeia [ɔnəmætə'pi:ə]  It is the way of word building when imitating ofdifferent sounds
Текст слайда:

Sound imitation or onomatopoeia [ɔnəmætə'pi:ə]

It is the way of word building when imitating of
different sounds forms a word. There are some
semantic groups of words formed by means of
sound imitation

a) Sounds produced by human beings: to whisper, to giggle, to sneeze, to whistle etc.
b) Sounds produced by animals, birds, insects: to hiss, to buzz, to bark, to moo, to twitter etc.
c) Sounds produced by nature and objects: to splash, to bubble, to ding-dong, etc.


Слайд 5
Reduplication - is a morphological process in which root or stem or part of it is repeated.Mur –
Текст слайда:

Reduplication - is a morphological process in which root or stem or part of it is repeated.

Mur – mur шепот, журчание
Pooh-pooh высмеивать
Tip-top превосходный


Слайд 6
Stress interchange can be mostly met in verbs and nouns of Romanic origin, nouns have the stress
Текст слайда:

Stress interchange can be mostly met in verbs and nouns of Romanic origin, nouns have the stress on the first syllable and verbs on the last syllable.

to af`fix -`affix
to con`flict - `conflict
to ex`port -`export
to ex`tract - `extract


Слайд 7
Backformation (disaffixation) is the way of word-building when a word is formed by dropping the final morpheme
Текст слайда:

Backformation (disaffixation) is the way of word-building when a word is formed by dropping the final morpheme to form a new word.

to bach (from bachelor)
to televise (from television)
to baby-sit (from baby-sitter)


Слайд 8
Blendingis the way of word-building when word is formed from parts of two words (merging into one
Текст слайда:

Blending
is the way of word-building when word is formed from parts of two words (merging into one word)

Bustle + hurry = hustle
Breakfast + lunch = brunch
Smoke + haze = smaze (дымка)
Positive + electron = positron
Medical + care = medicare


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